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Solar Design Worksheet

RV SOLAR SYSTEM CUSTOM DESIGN WORKSHEET

These calculations will give you a good idea how much energy you use and how much solar energy is required to give a 100% self-sustaining electrical system during ideal weather. Consider your batteries as a bank account -- you cannot take out more than you put in plus the amount with which you started.

Conservation in use (withdrawals) and adequate production (deposits) is the key to a balanced electrical system.

Questions:

 

  • Do you already have a generator for backup?

     

  • Do you park in cold places with extensive furnace use?

     

  • How many people live in the RV?

     

  • Do you fall asleep with the color TV on?

     

  • Are you energy conscious or do you use power liberally?

     

  • Do you frequently use campgrounds or park in other places where electricity is readily available?

Considerations:

If you already have a generator, it can provide a backup. If you do not, we suggest you compare cost with equal value of solar panels. An RV furnace can use lots of propane and an enormous amount of battery electricity over a cold week end.

 

  • Have you considered a catalytic heater?

     

  • Are you energy conscious?

Leaving an outside light on all night can use as much power as what one panel can produce in half a day. An 8 hour day's drive can usually refill a battery bank from the alternator, unless you are running the refrigerator on 12 volt. Tilting panels during winter time increases output up to 30% for those spending more than two weeks in one spot. Each Rver has an individual "lifestyle" and habits on using electricity differently.

MAKING YOUR CALCULATIONS:

There are two ways to measure electrical consumption (Watts, AH). It is essential that you not mix Amp Hours with Watts. We find that converting to Amp Hours (AH) is simple, convenient and allows measuring panels, batteries and appliances on a common base. The APPLIANCE CONSUMPTION WORKSHEET(print it out) lists the approximate amp draw of typical appliances. Read the label on the appliance or measure with an ammeter.

Calculations:

 

1. Energy used per day from worksheet (Total AH) =  __________
2. Add 10% line loss & battery inefficiency: =  __________
3. Grand Total AH: =  __________
4. Assuming a 4.5 amp (80 W) panel can produce 35AH
in summer or 25 AH in winter under clear skies,
determine how many panels you will need:
=  __________

 If you have questions, write or call. Work out the calculations and have data ready to tell us about unusual equipment you are using:      1-800-999-8520

COST FACTORS:  How much will a solar system cost?

Top quality solar-panel cost is determined by the power produced. A 4.5 amp panel at sale price costs about $80/amp, add to that hookup accessories, regulatory, meters, brackets and wiring (approximately $100-$200) for a total of about $500 for a one panel system complete.

 

SIZING A SOLAR ELECTRIC SYSTEM

Solar panels generate a predictable amount of power each day. A typical 80 watt (4+ amp) panel on a good sunny day can produce over 30 Amp Hour (AH) of power daily-- that is about 1/3 of a full RV battery. To overcome battery resistance and line loss you should produce about 10% more power that you actually use. If you continually use more power than you produce, you can cut back on consumption or generate more power. Fortunately, these solar systems are modular and you can add on at any time without replacing existing equipment.

To determine how much of a system you need, you can use the general rule of thumb (what other Rvers find acceptable) or try to determine what is your daily consumption:

1. Make a list of items normally used daily.
2. Multiply amp draw by hours (or fraction) of use to give total AH.

EXAMPLE: a one panel system

Item Amps x   Hr/day   = AH/day
15 watt fluorescent light 1.0 6.0 6.0
Two 12v incandescent lamp 1.5 2.0 6.0
TV (9" color) 12 volt 3.0 4.0 12.0
Water pump (12 min/day) 8.0 0.2 (12/60=.2 hr) 1.6
12 volt stereo 0.8 2.0 1.6
Total AH used per day =  27.2

In this example, extra power generated can be stored in the battery or used for other purposes. We deliberately left out electric appliances that produce heat. They are extremely wasteful. Use propane to cook and heat in an RV. Compare fluorescent tubes with incandescent auto lamps. "Flours" use a bit less electricity but give far more illumination. One "flour" will equal 2-3 "incads." Shop carefully. Read labels for amp draw or calculate using the WATTS formula (Amps x Volts = Watts). Some 9" color sets only draw 2.5 amps, while other may use 6 amps.

Don't forget "hidden or phantom" power users not listed:  Propane refrigerators use 12 volt for the igniter brain even when on 120VAC. Digital stereos and TV use 12v, even when turned off, to maintain memory circuits. Gas & CO detectors use 12v also. The RVer's Guide to Solar has more listings in greater detail.

SOLAR SIZING "RULE OF THUMB" for the average Rver:

Whether or not you choose to install a solar system, we encourage you to measure and calculate your energy requirements. It will show you how to better manage your situation. But, based on the thousands of systems we've been involved with, the average Rver, one without unusual needs, generally finds that one 80 watt panel and one 105 AH battery (or equivalent) per person provides an adequate system for long term outings. An extra panel and battery provides insurance during bad weather and enough power to handle the unexpected.

The Custom Design Worksheet will help you discover how much energy you use.

 

APPLIANCE CONSUMPTION WORKSHEET by RV Solar Electric Inc.®
Helping you make the right choice!  http://www.rvsolarelectric.com

 

 
Appliance
Approx.Current
(amps@12volts)
 
Hrs/day
Amp Hours
Consumed
Lights
Incandescent
   1 bulb (25 watt)
  2    X       ______ =       ______
   1 bulb (50 watt)   4    X       ______ =       ______
Quartz halogen
   (25 watt)
  2    X       ______ =       ______
Fluorescent
   1 tube (15 watt)
  1    X       ______ =       ______
   2 tubes (30 watt)   1.6 X       ______ =       ______
Entertainment
9-in color TV
  3    X       ______ =       ______
12-in B&W TV   1.1 X       ______ =       ______
CB receiver   0.5 X       ______ =       ______
Stereo am/fm   1    X       ______ =       ______
Satellite receiver   2    X       ______ =       ______
Cooling/Heating
500 cfm fan
  1.2 X       ______ =       ______
750 cfm fan   2.5 X       ______ =       ______
1000 cfm fan   5    X       ______ =       ______
750 cfm fan   2.5 X       ______ =       ______
Forced-air furnace   5-8 X       ______ =       ______
Vent & range hood fan   2    X       ______ =       ______
RV water pump   8    X       ______ =       ______
DC compressor refrig   6    X       ______ =       ______
3-way frig on 12 V 35  X       ______ =       ______
__________________ ______ X       ______ =       ______
__________________ ______ X       ______ =       ______
__________________ ______ X       ______ =       ______

 

The AC appliances listed below require the use of an inverter. The AC amps have been multiplied by 10 to show the DC amp draw from the battery (for example, 5 amp AC = 50 amp at 12VDC).
       
 
Appliance
Approx.Current
(amps@12volts)
 
Hrs/day
Amp Hours
Consumed
Microwave oven 125 X       ______ =       ______
Blender  15 X       ______ =       ______
Computer    4 X       ______ =       ______
13-in color TV    7 X       ______ =       ______
B/I vacuum 100 X       ______ =       ______
Electric broom

 

 60 X       ______ =       ______
Hair drier 1200w

 

 95 X       ______ =       ______
Satellite receiver

 

   3 X       ______ =       ______
__________________ ______ X       ______ =       ______
__________________ ______ X       ______ =       ______
__________________ ______ X       ______ =       ______
__________________ ______ X       ______ =       ______
Total amp hours used per day =       ______
Customer Service

Toll free: (800)999-8520

Office Hours: 8:30 - 4:30 Mon-Fri, AZ Time